American Expansion

            The late 19th century, 1890 to 1899, was a period in time where the nation started to expand. Not only is it a period of expansion, but also of dramatic events such as the start of the Spanish-American war. It was also a period where Afro-Americans fought for equality and where many skilled and unskilled workers fought and striked, for a cause against Carnegie called the Homestead strike. This was the time when McKinley didn't want people buying imports. As well as the rise of Booker T. Washington and his ability to make a change to his culture. Many changes were being made at this point for a point for a better nation. Most importantly our nation's expansion.
            Our nation expanded through the Spanish-American war fighting with Spain. The start of 1898 was when U.S. goes to war with Spain. The reason still remains unknown, but their cause was supposedly the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine. While the U.S. was at war people like commander George Dewey led the victory as he led men and destroyed the entire Spanish fleet of 10 vessels. Both courageous and talented, Commander George Dewey was important toward the war. The Spanish losing the war resulted in the demand to grant Cuba its freedom, and gave places such as the Philippines, Guan, and Puerto Rico. The U.S. then took $20 million for Philippines, which lead to U.S. expansion.
            Imperialism in the 1890's regarded McKinley's tariff. The McKinley tariff was passed, making Hawaiian sugar more expensive. Not only was sugar more expensive, but all imports were at a greater expense due to the McKinley tariff. This was done so that people in the nation wouldn't buy any sort of item from foreign places and people were being forced to buy products of American Manufacturers. Therefore, the U.S. economy would get a greater amount of money. This gave more power and control to our nation. It was due to McKinley that the tariff was brought upon.
            McKinley was an important political figure during the 1890's. McKinley was a governor of Ohio in 1891 and it was one year before that, when he sponsored the McKinley tariff. McKinley soon rose from being governor and became president of the U.S. to make greater decisions, such as the Spanish-American war. Although McKinley was a great political figure, Booker T. Washington was a recognized person during the 1890's as well. He was one of which were influential. He was a dominant figure in the African-American community in the United States from 1890. He was a popular spokesman who spoke for African-American citizens. Washington made history by being the first African-American to ever be invited to the White House. Both William McKinley and Booker T. Washington were political figures with great causes.
            During the 1890's one of the United States most decisive labor disputes occurred. This was the Homestead strike. Many employers and employee's struggled due to their wages being low, for this particular reason skilled workers decided to have a labor lockout. Although they were a large group, they relied on unskilled workers to help them strike in order to ensure a better chance of getting what is requested from them, higher wages. The strike was well organized and yet very successful as it changed the traditional American business environment. It is also this period in time when African-Americans had to struggle as well.
            African-Americans during the 1890's were fighting for their rights of education. It is during this year that the first United States kindergarten was established to Africans. African education was a big cause during the 1890's. Forces, or groups, of African-Americans were being formed to defeat the cause of lynching. The idea of about 2,500  blacks being lynched per year triggered African-Americans to fight against this terror. Public Speakers as well as inspiring book writers fought to end lynching as well as getting fair right. The lynching of African-Americans remained tragic until further on.
            The 19th century had its ups and downs but for the most part this was a time when America began expanding. The United States started to expand and gather more land after the Spanish-American war due to the victory. This helped the United States in becoming a stronger nation. Through 1890 and 1899 the United States was really intensifying its growth as a nation. This was the period of a growing nation.




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